Tuesday, January 9, 2018

10 January 2018: Air pollution as a preventable cause of adverse birth outcomes in India: New evidence from cohort studies in Tamil Nadu

Kalpana Balakrishnan
WHO Collaborating Center for Occupational and Environmental Health; SRU-ICMR Centre for Advanced Research on Air Quality, Climate and Health, and Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai

There is increasing consensus that exposures to ambient and household air pollution may be associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes including intra-uterine growth retardation, low birthweight, and pre-term births. The evidence from high exposure settings that are commonly encountered in low and middle income countries (LMICs) has however been sparse.

The Talk presents results from recently concluded cohort studies in Tamil Nadu that provides some of the first quantitative effects estimates for linking rural-urban PM2.5 exposures and birthweight in India, adding important evidence for this association from high exposure settings that experience dual health burdens from ambient and household air pollution. Study results point to the need for considering maternal PM2.5 exposures alongside other risk factors for low birthweight and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in India. The results also point to the imminent need for strategic air quality actions focused on protecting vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and infants.

Findings from this work have been published in Environmental Research (2018) and BMJ Open (2015).

Date: January 10, 2017
Time: 04:00 P.M.

Conference Hall
Centre for Policy Research,
Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri,
New Delhi–110021(INDIA)

Please do RSVP at climate.initiative.cpr@gmail.com


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