Monday, June 19, 2017

22 June 2017: Mapping Land Conflicts in India

Kumar Sambhav Shrivastava, Ankur Paliwal, and Bhasker Tripathy

India’s ambitious agenda for industrial and infrastructure growth requires large swathes of land. At the same time, a huge part of its population uses land to earn livelihood. The competing demands cause conflicts. The battles over land are increasing across India irrespective of political cultures, be it left, right or centre. These conflicts have deep implications for the wellbeing of India's people, institutions, investments, and long-term development. They point towards deep structural flaws in the country's social, agrarian, and institutional structures, including ambiguities in property rights regimes and institutions.

An analysis of 331 ongoing land conflicts in India reveals that together they affect close to 36 lakhs people and span over 10 lakhs hectares of land. The total investments (indicative) tied to these conflicts are around Rs.12 lakhs crore. The data was collected between January 2016 and March 2017 by Land Conflict Watch, a research-based data journalism project that maps land conflicts across India. In this presentation, we address how, why, and where these conflicts are emerging and what are the implications of these conflicts for local communities and investment policies in India. We find that in contrast to accepted wisdom, the majority of land conflicts in India are revolving around common lands rather than private lands. We argue that in order to sustain and expand India's socioeconomic development, it is imperative that the government respect communities' land rights, including Forest Rights Act 2006 and ensure that their formal as well as customary jurisdiction over commons is recognised and respected.

Date: June 22, 2017
Time: 03:00 P.M.

Conference Hall
Centre for Policy Research,
Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri,
New Delhi–110021(INDIA)


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