Thursday, January 28, 2016

29th January 2016: Patrilocality Norm & Household decision-making: Does the presence of in-laws affect married women in India?

Aditi Dimri
Universite catholique de Louvain and Paris School of Economics

This paper sheds new light on, if and how, the cultural norm of living with parent-in-laws after marriage affects the outcomes of the daughter-in-law in the household. To isolate the causal effect of the presence of an in-law in this highly endogenous setting, I use the death of the father-in-law or mother-in-law as an exogenous event changing the household composition. Using household level panel data, I estimate a double-difference model comparing groups that experience a death and those that do not between 2005 and 2012. First, I explore the allocation of household decision-making-say amongst the four members based on a framework allowing for gender spheres, and generational & spousal transfers. I find that the daughter-in-law is the worst-off, however, contrary to anecdotal evidence this is because of the household composition leading to stronger gender roles and patriarchy. Second, I find improvement in objective outcomes of the daughter-in-law like having cash in hand, her self-reported health, and frequency of visits to natal family. Such understandings of household decision-making can be important for targeting policies better, and shed light on the role of norms in determining socio-economic outcomes.

Date: January 29, 2016
Time: 11:30 A.M.

Seminar Room 2
Indian Statistical Institute Delhi Centre,
7, S. J. S. Sansanwal Marg,
New Delhi-110016 (INDIA)


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