Tuesday, January 9, 2018

10 January 2017: Air pollution as a preventable cause of adverse birth outcomes in India: New evidence from cohort studies in Tamil Nadu

Kalpana Balakrishnan
WHO Collaborating Center for Occupational and Environmental Health; SRU-ICMR Centre for Advanced Research on Air Quality, Climate and Health, and Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai

Abstract:
There is increasing consensus that exposures to ambient and household air pollution may be associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes including intra-uterine growth retardation, low birthweight, and pre-term births. The evidence from high exposure settings that are commonly encountered in low and middle income countries (LMICs) has however been sparse.

The Talk presents results from recently concluded cohort studies in Tamil Nadu that provides some of the first quantitative effects estimates for linking rural-urban PM2.5 exposures and birthweight in India, adding important evidence for this association from high exposure settings that experience dual health burdens from ambient and household air pollution. Study results point to the need for considering maternal PM2.5 exposures alongside other risk factors for low birthweight and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in India. The results also point to the imminent need for strategic air quality actions focused on protecting vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and infants.

Findings from this work have been published in Environmental Research (2018) and BMJ Open (2015).

Date: January 10, 2017
Time: 04:00 P.M.

Venue:
Conference Hall
Centre for Policy Research,
Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri,
New Delhi–110021(INDIA)

Note:
Please do RSVP at climate.initiative.cpr@gmail.com

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17 January 2018: PRIndex: A Global Indicator of Citizens’ Perceptions of Property Rights

Malcolm Childress and David Spievack
Land Alliance

Abstract:
Property rights are a cornerstone of both economic development and social justice. However, there is no well-established methodology to-date to measure and reasonably compare property rights as perceived by citizens over time and across countries. Building on initial pilot data collected from nine countries including Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, Greece, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Peru and Tanzania in 2016 and 2017, PRIndex plans to collect data from an additional 36 countries across the world in 2018, creating the world’s first comprehensive account of people’s perceptions and opinions of property rights. The presentation will recapitulate the history of PRIndex, discuss results from its most recent round of testing in India, Tanzania, and Colombia, and share current plans and timelines for 2018.

PRIndex is an initiative supported by the Omidyar Network and DFID, the UK Department for International Development, and implemented by Land Alliance in association with Gallup, Inc. Land Alliance is a think-and-do tank that tests new approaches to defining and managing rights, shares expertise and best practices globally, and supports groups working to scale the solution of land issues. It works to find solutions to the complex development challenges of cities, rural landscapes and forests by aligning local, national and international resources.

Date: January 17, 2017
Time: 03:00 P.M.

Venue:
NCAER Conference Room
National Council of Applied Economic Research
Parisila Bhawan, 11, Indraprastha Estate
New Delhi-110002(INDIA)

Note:
For queries, please contact Ms Sudesh Bala at sbala@ncaer.org or on +91-11-2345-2722.

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Thursday, December 14, 2017

20 December 2017: Health effects of exposure to air pollution

Prabhakaran Dorairaj, Preet Dhillon,
Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and
Raj Kumar
Vallabhhai Patel Chest Institute

Moderator
Bhargav Krishna, Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI)

Abstract:
Clinicians, health experts and researchers from leading public health and clinical institutes will be discussing the effects of air pollution on important health outcomes such as cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and cancer. This panel will discuss biological pathways and the evidence on these health effects coming from global evidence as well as in low- and middle-income country settings like India.

Date: December 20, 2017
Time: 04:00 P.M.

Venue:
Conference Hall
Centre for Policy Research,
Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri,
New Delhi–110021(INDIA)

Note:
Please do RSVP at climate.initiative.cpr@gmail.com

Location:

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Friday, December 8, 2017

11 December 2017: Importance of Legislatures

M. Venkaiah Naidu, Hon’ble Vice President

Abstract:
Given the central role of legislatures in our democracy, we at PRS Legislative Research, believe that it is important to strengthen the working of these institutions. The Vice President is at the forefront of thought leadership in strengthening legislatures. As the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, he is at the helm of strengthening parliamentary functioning and setting the roadmap for state legislatures as well. Mr. Naidu’s experience as a legislator for four decades and as the Union Minister of Parliamentary Affairs will be invaluable as he highlights the importance of legislative institutions.

Date: December 11, 2016
Time: 04:00 P.M.

Venue:
Auditorium,
Nehru Memorial Museum and Library,
Teen Murti Marg,
New Delhi-110011(INDIA)

Location:

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Thursday, December 7, 2017

11 December 2017: The Indian bankruptcy reform: A progress report

M. S. Sahoo
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India

Abstract:
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 is a watershed legislation in the economic history of the country. Coming, as it did, when the economy was struggling with mounting cases of unresolved non-performing assets, it strove to better the legal and institutional machinery dealing with debt default. Almost a year and half later, in late November, 2017, an ordinance has been promulgated addressing concerns of non compliance and misuse of the law. In this context, a stock taking of the law and its implications becomes imperative.

Discussant:
Ajay Shah, NIPFP

Date: December 11, 2017
Time: 04:30 P.M.

Venue:
Conference Hall, Ground Floor
R&T Building
National Institute of Public Finance and Policy,
18/2 Satsang Vihar Marg, Special Institutional Area,
New Delhi-110067(INDIA)

Location:

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Note:
Those who are interested may please confirm your participation at bins.sebastian@nipfp.org.in

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

7 December 2017: Market failure, government failure, and the welfare of poor people

Shantayanan Devarajan
World Bank

Abstract:
In many areas of public policy, governments carve out a role for themselves in effect to overcome what are perceived as widespread market failures. Examples abound across the world of governments intervening to correct negative externalities where there is a wedge between public purpose and private interest, and the outcomes are bad, particularly for poor people with the least means to cope with poor service delivery. In India, governments often turn to command and control approaches to solving serious problems of public policy, for example air quality, essentially because of a deep distrust of more market-based approaches. Governments routinely intervene in pricing, usually on the grounds of helping the poor.

But in doing so, governments often themselves fall prey to government failure, because they do not have the capacity to implement, or they get captured, or they create vested interests (“the only thing worse than a private monopoly is a public monopoly”) and corruption, or a subsidy in one part of the economy does widespread and worse damage in another part of the economy. Delhi’s air quality is a constant reminder of what happens when government failure meets market failure. And yet, governments are essential to any well-functioning economy that both provides opportunity and protects the vulnerable. What to do in the face of both market and government failures to make services work for poor people?

Date: December 7, 2017
Time: 11:00 P.M.

Venue:
NCAER Conference Room
National Council of Applied Economic Research
Parisila Bhawan, 11, Indraprastha Estate
New Delhi-110002(INDIA)

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Friday, December 1, 2017

5-6 December 2017: 2nd Law Economics Policy Conference 2017

Organised by:
National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, New Delhi and Institute for New Economic Thinking, New York

Program

Date: December 5-6, 2016
Time: 09:00 A.M.

Venue:
Juniper Hall
India Habitat Centre
Lodhi Road
New Delhi-110003 (INDIA)

Note:
Those interested may please register at bins.sebastian@nipfp.org.in

Location:

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